Forget about your Toothbrush! Try Miswak

by admin on October 5, 2008

Benefits of Miswak (Chewing Stick)

A Miswak or Siwak is probably an alien thing to the western world. But, it’s a twig which a majority of people from Muslim countries use daily to brush their teeth. Although it might sound outdated to use twigs from trees for cleaning your teeth, studies conducted on the Miswak prove otherwise. Studies have inferred that Miswak is better than toothpaste for preventing gum disease. It is being known as chewing stick in the western world and is being looked upon as a form of alternative medicine. So, let’s analyze this “wonder twig” keeping documented scientific studies as proofs.

Miswak

Miswak

But first of all, why would anyone think of using a tree twig to clean their teeth? The fact is ancient man did not have the facility of a toothbrush and many cultures have used Miswak for oral hygiene. The use of Miswak is well spread in the Muslim population of the world, and is a common entity in Muslim countries. The reason for common use of Miswak by Muslims can be attributed to religious beliefs. The last messenger of Islam used it frequently and also instructed his followers to do the same and hence the practice continues widely in Muslim countries. There are 70 benefits of Miswak as suggested by Islamic Literature and many of these have been scientifically proven and the rest haven’t been studied yet.

You might be wondering what exactly a Miswak is in the first place. The Miswak is obtained from the twigs of the Arak tree (Peelu tree) although a few other trees can also be used to obtain it such as walnut and olive.

A few important benefits of Miswak

  • Kills Gum disease causing bacteria.
  • Fights plaque effectively.
  • Fights against caries.
  • Removes Bad breath and odor from mouth.
  • Creates a fragrance in the mouth.
  • Effectively clean between teeth due to its parallel bristles.
  • Increases salivation and hence inhibits dry mouth (Xerostomia)

Scientific Studies on Miswak

Although the 70 supposed benefits of Miswak range widely, the main one we are examining is its effect on oral health. So, let’s throw some light on scientific studies conducted on Miswak.

The Wrigley Company made a study on Miswak which was published in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. The study found that mints laced with Miswak extract were 20 times more effective in killing bacteria than ordinary mints. A small testimony to this fact is that after half an hour, the mints laced with Miswak extract killed about 60% of the bacteria where as the ordinary mints managed only 3.6%

In the August issue of Journal of Periodontology (2008) appeared a study conducted by Swedish researchers on Miswak. The study apparently found that suspended Miswak pieces in a petridish (medium for culturing bacteria) were able to kill bacteria that cause periodontal disease with out being in physical contact with the bacteria. The researchers suggested that Miswak might be giving antibiotics as gases trying to explain this phenomenon.

A study which compares toothbrushing and using Miswak (Miswak ing!) can be seen on Pubmed (U.S National Library for Medicine Service). The study concluded that Miswak was more effective than toothbrushing in reducing plaque and gingivitis provided it was used correctly. Similar studies found on the same website and elsewhere vouch for the effectiveness of Miswak over toothbrush.

A study conducted by a group of dentists at King Saud University concluded that using Miswak was at least as good as tooth brushing, if not better. There have been plenty of published studies on Miswak and infact entire books published which study its oral and systemic benefits.

Now, with all those studies chucked at you, you couldn’t help but wonder why it is so effective. This can be attributed to its strong antibacterial properties. Another important aspect to consider is that its bristles are parallel to the handle rather than perpendicular which means effective cleaning between the teeth. Now, that’s one natural toothbrush cum toothpaste cum floss.

A few related studies and articles on Miswak

Tootbbrush V/s Miswak

Systemic effects of Miswak

Comparing toothbrushing and Miswak in a population of Sudan

Journal of periodontal research

Journal of contemporary Dental practice

Study on anti-fungal effect of miswak

Study on uptake and release of fluoride from Miswak

{ 10 comments }

Dentist February 22, 2009 at 11:10 am

A few years ago I was treating a couple of Nigerian patients. They showed me such toothbrush and told how they used it. Well their teeth were clean but the gum recession over the front teeth was apparent. I am not sure but this was probably caused by the twig. They used it in up-down movment which of course removed the tartar but was quite destructive for the gums as the twig ended its movement on the gum ridge causing small but continuous injuries.

zoha May 31, 2009 at 6:49 am

miswak can be replaced by toothbrush for long time is there more benefit of using miswak? does it improve the complexion of skin? can children as young as ten years old also use it?

iasmin July 9, 2009 at 8:05 am

Thank you for the article, I loved it!! I am a muslim and use miswaak but I prefer to keep the toothbrush because we are so far from the time of our prophet (saw)and this can lead to wrong using because of lack of information and the like, so, in the end, using both makes the cleansing of the mouth better.

Sam August 5, 2009 at 12:12 pm

Thank you for this unique topic, the miswak has many benefits as you said but may be you can add some info about its natural ingredients that can we use in many dental (or gum) troubles … I heard that it has more than 15 of natural ingredients that can help our teeth, and some labs use it because of that.

Dentist October 6, 2009 at 2:40 pm

Originally Posted By DentistA few years ago I was treating a couple of Nigerian patients. They showed me such toothbrush and told how they used it. Well their teeth were clean but the gum recession over the front teeth was apparent. I am not sure but this was probably caused by the twig. They used it in up-down movment which of course removed the tartar but was quite destructive for the gums as the twig ended its movement on the gum ridge causing small but continuous injuries.

thanks for your comment
but about gum recission, it is because the wrong way of using meswak .the same as using tooth brush in a wrong way.
really meswak is a wonderful way for cleaning teeth.

Lady D October 17, 2009 at 1:24 pm

where can I buy miswak?

Jordan October 18, 2009 at 7:19 pm

The proper use of the Miswak is to use a side to side motion rather than up and down to avoid gum damage.

atiya November 22, 2009 at 3:36 am

plz can u tell that is there any disadvantage of miswak?

Gum dentist alexandria December 18, 2009 at 7:55 am

According to a study the miswak has many medicinal properties and can fight plaque, gum line recession, tooth wear, gingivitis, and periodontal pocket depths. Besides these repeated use of one miswak releases fresh sap and silica, a hard glossy mineral that acts as an abrasive material for the removal stains and buildup.

Carol March 16, 2010 at 8:49 am

@Lady D – Just Google Miswak and a lot of sites will come up. You can buy from which ever site you choose.

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